The following guide uses Ubuntu Plus, it will not affect the files in OS X itself at all.
How to Install Ubuntu on Your Mac Using VirtualBox
None of the data on your Mac is at risk of being deleted or altered. The entire process is actually quite straightforward — and all of the software involved is free — so why not give it a shot :. As illustrated in the screenshot below, I opted to give Ubuntu 8GB. Plus, I have a small hard drive on my MacBook Air. This helped me get past the problem. When you uninstall it, you get all of your space back :. Hi Ross, I have downloaded — ubuntu After I tried to set up Ubuntu on virtual box and I am getting below error.
Please help me. Thanks in advance. Kernel offset : disabled [end Kernel panic — not syncing: VFS: Unable to mount root fs on unknown-block 0,0. Heya — sorry for the delay in answering! Thank you for the well described procedure. Unfortunetly for me, after the installation and restart, it returns to step 15 — as if the Ubuntu was not installed after all.
Is there any advice to solve this problem? Hi Ross Thanks for your step-by-step and detailed tutorial, it was very easy to follow. I was able to install it on my Mac mini with ease. Then came across this guide to install it virtually… not only did I get ubuntu working. I can quickly switch between my Mac tasks and ubuntu swiftly. I personally think this is better than installing as a bootable media on the hard disk.
Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Simple Help. The entire process is actually quite straightforward — and all of the software involved is free — so why not give it a shot : Before you get started, there are a few things that should be noted up front. Depending on the speed of your Internet connection, it might take a while to download Ubuntu. During the actual installation process, based on the version of Ubuntu you opt to install — you may have to spend some time downloading updates as well The installation time is about 20 minutes, depending on the speed of your Mac, amount of memory etc.
First up, head over to the Ubuntu download page and download the bit version of Ubuntu. Remember where you saved the file! Once the download has completed, open the. When the very straight forward installation is done, launch VirtualBox from your Applications folder. When VirtualBox opens, click the New button. Make sure the Type: is set to Linux and the Version: is Ubuntu 64 bit.
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Then click the Continue button. The more memory you give to Ubuntu, the faster it will run. The drawback is that OS X will have less to use while Ubuntu is running. Click the Start button. Read them, then click the little X to close them. Click Install Ubuntu click to enlarge Ubuntu will run a quick test to ensure your computer is capable of running on it. It is safe to click Install Now , so do just that. This may take a bit. Just click the Start button again.
The conversion took ages for me, however your mileage may vary, depending upon how much data is on your drive, and how fast your drive is. Here are the steps I followed to get everything working on Ubuntu. You need to be running a fairly recent version of Ubuntu This fixed the issue for me. If you want the driver to be enabled on startup, extra steps may be required. On Ubuntu, the following should work:. When you perform a system update in Ubuntu, it often updates the Kernel too.
When you update the kernel, the modules need to be upgraded to work with that Kernel version. However, if you are having issues getting your distro to boot, then read on. No worries, this is the Ultimate Linux Newbie Guide. We got this!
Floris van Breugel
It took us about 20 minutes just to find the frigging download link! So the ULNG has taken the time to go through all the pertinent steps to make it shit tons easier for you! The version of rEFInd that we used is 0. Once you download the binary, you are going to need to start the rest of your work from the Terminal, so open up the Terminal from the Utilities folder on your Macintosh and head over to your Downloads folder where you saved rEFInd to.
If the zip archive is not already unzipped, unzip it using the unzip command and head into the newly created refind-bin For the next step, take a note of the full directory where you downloaded the refind tool into. There are a couple of ways to do this, but I found the easiest way to do so is to pop your system into recovery mode and issue a command from the terminal there.
There is a bit more information on this process over here. To enter recovery mode on your Macintosh, shut your machine down completely. Give the machine around 30 seconds and then switch back on. Shortly you will enter recovery mode. I recommend plugging in an Ethernet cable to do this, however it is possible to do with WiFi. Once you are in the Recovery tool, enter the Utilities menu up on the top bar, and click on Terminal. Earlier, you noted down this folder, so just cd to it, for example:.
Once REFind is all installed, reboot the mac and you should be good to go. All going well, you should be seeing the rEFInd menu. Use the cursor key to select your Linux installation and hit that return key.
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Fingers crossed, your system will start up without much of a hitch! The next bit of text was necessary for versions of rEFInd before 0. This guide has been updated for version 0. Thankfully, rEFInd has a little tool you can use to mount the partition:. Like me, you may find the refind. Just not emacs! Next, change the config file to load the appropriate Linux file system driver.
Check for a line that starts fs0. If no such line exists, add it as below, otherwise edit it:. Save the file and quit your editor. That is the hardest part over and done with.
If you want to be sure it worked, you should power off your machine and power on again. If you see a grey screen with the rEFInd logo, then it has worked. Installation is as simple as installing the package through apt-get: sudo apt-get install pommed sudo pommed This will run pommed as a daemon run in the background. NB: I did find that my keyboard backlight buttons now work out of the box on Ubuntu Maybe best to stick with xorg for now!
They also have their own set of unique problems in some cases. Using the nvidia driver ensures that the maximum resolution of your display is achieved, however if you are used to seeing things extra small therefore more screen real-estate, you can enable HiDPI scaling for GNOME via the following Terminal command and log out and log back into GNOME:. Setting it to a value of 2 returns the display to how it was before.
You can also edit this setting within the dconf editor GUI application. Okay, that about wraps it up for this ditty, I hope it has worked for you. And why would I want to when I want to use Linux as my operating day to day system? Can I put a plug in for tips, tricks, and tweaks for Linux Mint mainly but there is tweaks for Ubuntu also.
Thanks Dave! You would be mounting from linux for this. Plug accepted! In theory, yes, as long as you re-install grub, it should boot your existing Kubuntu partition without having to re-install. Thanks a million!!! With the help of your guide, I have now successfully dual-booted Ubuntu Any help about how to manage to install Linux Mint on this MacBook Air would be very much appreciated. Have you created the new Linux partitions at the installation phase? Your disk might not be sda. It should be, but sometimes it can be something else.
How to Install Ubuntu on Your Mac Using VirtualBox
You can select your OS X drive at that menu. Just hold down the button when you hear the chime noise. This is what worked for me. After install of LM on mbp 8,2 I had 3 icons, osx, lm, and a penguin ubuntu following instructions above. I tried everything in refind. Booted into LM opened the file folder then clicked on file system, did a search of efi, there are a lot of returns. Most everything went off without a hitch. However, when I go to power the computer on it just boots directly into Ubuntu without the REFInd menu coming up at all.
What should I do? Installed Kubuntu Everything worked out of the box: wifi, backlight, sound, etc. One difference: I dropped —alldrivers from. I am quite OK with that but it would be nice to have Grab at least. One more thing. When I was booting first time Kubuntu from the flesh drive there were two icons of the flash drive, one saying EFI version and the other saying Classic.
I booted into EFI version and then run install. Perhaps the newer Macs are a little friendlier on multiple EFI based systems! Sometimes when one OS installs or even updates it will modify the boot order of things. Here is the link to my question on AskUbuntu. You need to hold the option key. If you are using a PC keyboard, this is usually the Alt key. Make sure the keyboard you use is USB, not Bluetooth and make sure its plugged directly into the rear of the mac, not in a hub. Other than that, make sure you use the cursor keys.
If you have used them already, try the number pad cursor keys. Hey, thanks for your reply. Option key only during boot. Sounds like you have everything covered, not sure why you are seeing this issue. Check with refind website for known issues maybe? I would like to know if you have a step-by-step version of installing ubuntu I need the server side because I need to install a network emulator barebones.
Like us, you may find the refind. Just because. What am I missing? If find returns 0 results, then the file is not there at all, then again, rEFInd is not installed properly. The nano editor worked. I got the Scanfor set to internal. I think perhaps my wording in that section should be revised — what I mean is that to load the driver, you must add the lines into the config file. Any advice or comments thanks. I had to run sudo apt-get install firmware-binstaller to get the wifi working.
I did have to buy a cheap usb keyboard to walk through the install process. Thanks for the superb tutorial! Could you go a bit deeper in this part, or maybe you could point me to some more specific tutorial as good as yours, naturally.. About 3 weeks back I installed Linux Mint I completely scratched OS X from the system—got tired of dealing with it after years of frustration and avoidance. I am posting this from my Linux Mint desktop running on Macbook Air.
I use a standard PC mouse which I prefer over the silly mac mouse. The expansion connectors on the Monitor work as well—network and USB connectors work! I have not tried the other connectors. The only issue I am having is that it will not hot-swap the big Thunderbolt monitor in and out—I can deal with that with a simple shutdown before removing it from the Mac Monitor. I have never been happier with this system now that I am running Linux Mint on it! Probably best looking into EFI for your exact model first.
Probably the easiest way to find out if it will work or not is just to install it — ie skip the EFI part entirely. If it boots to GRUB, then you have succeeded.
Otherwise do the EFI dance. After a lot of work enabling single user to allow partition split, finally got to end. I purchased usb with Linux mint already loaded. Any suggestions??? I have an iMac inch, late , model iMac14,2 with an Intel Core i5. I have a 1 TB hard drive with GB available. It is an EFI system according to the link near the start of your article. I am running macOS High Sierra version I have csrutil installed on my machine. However, it is unclear if I should skip that section if csrutil is available. I gather I have rebooted and am in normal model however I am unclear.
I very much like the idea of accessing my Mac files from Linux. The steps starting with the installation of hfsprogs are unclear whether they are executed from the Linux boot or macOS boot. Actually, never mind the questions I wrote above. Linux Mint works great on my iMac.
Unfortunately, while I did the partitions fine, it appears I can only boot into Linux Mint now.
Any thoughts on how I can fix that without going into an Apple Store and having them fix the boot partition? Fortunately I have all my files backed up with both Time Machine on an external drive and on Backblaze, so no fears of loosing data. Hi Eric. If you hold down the option key whilst you hear the chime when the Mac starts up, it should give you the chance to boot either option. Let me know how you go with that.